Immigrant, Students of Color

Puget Sound Educational Service District

Immigrants in Today’s Society

Immigrants are the backbone of American existence. This country is built on the backs of immigrants and they are a vital part of any new generation of Americans. It’s important that we don’t leave new immigrants in the dust as our society progresses. We need to maintain a standard for the education of immigrant students. The Puget Sound Education Service District works to help immigrant and refugee families with educational improvement

The PSESD’s History and Purpose

This organization helps to fill in the gaps between students from immigrant families, and their education centers by improving the “quality, equity, and efficiency” of their programs. By improving the effectiveness of educational programs, they can help save money and allocate funds to parts of the educational network that support immigrant students, and improve their education quality.

Who does the PSESD Serve?

The PSESD serves all people who are affected by education imbalances by a system that is rigged against them. They are determined to become an Anti-Racist Multicultural Organization whose prime directive is to eliminate opportunity gaps that are present due to racial inequality.

PSESD’s Offered Programs

The PSESD offers a few main services to help better the education of immigrant families and others who are affected by educational program inequality. Administrative and management services: They offer this service to provide a program that improves leadership at the administrative level in schools. This service improves how an educational environment can be run by teaching those who run it how to improve themselves. Another major service they provide is Equity in Education: This service’s primary goal is to further develop the education services that are already put into place. They do this by implementing better changes into initiatives already put into place in education organizations and supporting that staff that carries them out. The final service they offer is Learning, Teaching and Family Support: This service helps support the families of immigrant students, which helps immigrant students who are struggling in school maintain a better foothold in the family unit. When a student is struggling at home, it’s incredibly difficult for them to maintain a good education at school. This service also assists learning professionals and supports them by assisting in their ability to provide equitable access to academic resources for all students.

What could the PSESD improve on?

Currently, the PSESD gets less than 2% of its funding from state allocation and relies on entrepreneurial means, and grants. However this money isn’t guaranteed, and in the event that money stops coming in, all of these services will cease, and the foundation that they built to support these affected students begins to crumble. They need to receive more state funding to allow them to maintain their existence. Pushing harder for state funding should be a focus.

Was information about the organization accessible? Red flags?

Most of the PSESD’s service information is quite vague. It’s not clear based on their website what they are specifically doing to assist these students in their education. However, on their homepage, they have a list of classes and services that they offer that you can register to directly and their site is easy to navigate.

What other organizations are doing similar work?

The Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction has a migrant education program that does similar work to the PSESD.

Accessible Forums for Social Justice, Creating Communities of Learning that Include Families, Housing Insecurity/unsheltered/homeless, Immigrant, Students of Color

FCS – Filipino Community of Seattle

Why is the group that you chose to research important?

Filipinos all throughout the United States of America are prominent enough and numerous enough to be important enough to have all the support they need, numbering around 4.2 Million Nationwide and around 100 Thousand around the Seattle Area and possibly more around the Puget Sound.

Brief history of the educational organization that you have researched along with the purpose of the organization?

Artwork by Christopher Ramos

Having been around since the mid 1930s, the FCS has a long and reputable history on its back and they have served a great purpose on helping the Filipino Communities around the area especially with those that are in incredibly need like those of recent immigrants, those who have been suffering from racial strife and segregation, and simply Filipinos that are in need. Thus, having the need to band together to survive in a rather hostile environment.

From helping the elderly to nurturing filipino children, their overall mission is to safeguard the well-being of the Filipino Community in the Greater Seattle region in order to achieve as stated in their Vision: “A united, thriving and vibrant Filipinx community.”

Whom do they serve? Programs Offered?

They mainly serve Filipinos from American-born Filipinos to Immigrant Filipinos coming from all around the world.

As their goal is to cultivate and develop a vibrant Filipino community, they offer services ranging from Youth Development like Youth Programs; to Cultural and Artistic Programs; to Senior/Elderly Focused Services like Senior Lunch/Food Banks and Senior Hubs; to even Civil Rights Services regarding Gender Based Violence that supports those who have been victims and are currently victimized with advocacy groups like the Filipinx Against Violence (FA V) that increases awareness and advocacy to those who have been victimized to crimes like domestic violence, sexual violence, and human trafficking. (Source)

What could they do better?

Regarding growth as an organization, perhaps increasing outreach as weird as it is, my family which are all Filipinos have yet to really know about such organizations other than our other relatives that might be more in touch within the Filipino community around the Puget Area Region.

Furthermore, perhaps an increase of services regarding that of the youth and even that of cultural events can get some more services, however, I suppose due to the pandemic, such actions might not be as needed as it is now. With the elderly requiring more attention and support in these dire times. Which is why I believe outreach is more of a priority in regards to organizational growth and perhaps even membership.

Was information about the organization accessible? Red flags?

Yes, the information about it is incredibly accessible with both a website that is user-friendly and most of the information being readily available all within their website. Furthermore, they do also have a Facebook Page, which is what most Filipino use and is highly rated as well, as another source of information to be able to gather from.

What other organizations are doing similar work?

Regarding similar organizations, there are those like the Filipino-American Community of Puget Sound (FACPS), however, their website is rather empty and are filled with fillers like “Lorem Ipsum” throughout the website which was a big red flag in regards to activity. However, they do offer services like Scholarships to their Food Banks and with a rather remote location like Algona, WA, I believe FCS would be a better one overall. (Link to Website)

Another one is the Filipino-American National Historical Society (FANHS), arguably a better than one than that of the FACPS, focuses more on Education and History than that of Social Service; however, due to that, they have a more comprehensive program list and curriculum for Filipino Education with Formal Educational Programs like that of Filipino American Heritage Studies and Filipino American Education Institute. Overall, an organization that has a different focus but similar in essence and work, serving Filipinos in America. (Link to Website)

Immigrant, Students of Color

Embracing the Hopes and Aspirations of Asian Pacific Americans

Why is OCA important?

As an Asian in the United States, living in the United States will inevitably encounter some injustices. For these injustices, OCA is an organization that speaks for us. For example, immigration, education, voting rights, racial equality and inclusion, civic participation, the census, workforce development, and technology are all included in the program of OCA.

The history of OCA with the purpose of the organization?

OCA, formerly known as the Organization of Chinese Americans, was founded in 1973. Its goal is to unite Chinese Americans across the United States into a representative voice. Today, OCA has transformed into a national organization dedicated to promoting the social, political, and economic well-being of Asia Pacific Americans in the United States.

Founded in 1995, the greater Seattle chapter has served the greater Seattle Chinese and Asian Pacific American communities and other communities in the Pacific Northwest since then. It is recognized in local communities for advocating citizenship and voting rights and sponsoring community activities and events.

Whom OCA serve? Programs offered?

OCA primarily serves Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI). OCA provides many programs to AAPI such as :

  • To maintain America’s heritage as a place of refuge and equality, help with AAPI visa applications, protect family immigrants, and provide citizenship.
  • Let the public and private education systems give AAPI equal rights as the others in the curriculum.
  • With the recent alarming increase in hate crimes/incidents against AAPI, OCA’s policies help eliminate and combat hate speech, xenophobia, Islamophobia, and all forms of discrimination.
  • Let AAPIs of all ages and locations should have equal access to technology and inclusive workforce development and career development opportunities.

What could they do better?

For OCA’s activities, there can be more real-life examples on the website, so that everyone can know how OCA has their influence in our lives. And can cooperate with more universities, these years students are very interested in organizing and participating in social issues, which have great influence for students, and expanding publicity can make the goal better achieved.

Was information about the organization accessible?

Yes, the information is on the Organization of Chinese Americans, or you can search the OCA on google for more information.

What other organizations are doing similar work?

Other similar organizations that do similar work:

  • Asian American Organizing Project (AAOP). AAOP is committed to advancing the AAPI community through grassroots organizing with a comprehensive approach to addressing AAPI barriers and issues.
  • APACEvotes. APACEvotes strives to increase access and participation in electoral and civic affairs by registering, educating and protecting APIA voters.



The Denise Louie Education Center

Why is the group I chose to research is important:

I wanted to focus on immigrant students whose families help them become successful in their learning and education. Having resources they could have access to on life necessities can be helpful for them, so I wanted to shine light on an organization that did just that. Specifically, an organization that would benefit both the child and parents, as families play an important role for a child’s success. 

History of the organization & its purpose:

The once proclaimed International District Child Care Center, provides early multicultural learning services. This way, peers learn how to be comfortable with other people of different cultures, and learn to respect people that don’t look like them. This provides young children with needed skills that will help them reach their full potentials in both school and life in general. The change of the center’s name came about after the death of Denise Louie. She was a young Chinese American who was an activist interested in making Seattle’s International District a safe, yet entertaining place and worked for the International District Improvement Association. She was one of the first people that made this center possible.

Whom they serve:

This center serves a whole range of people, from children to families. They aim their focus towards families who require extra attention, including single-parent, foster families, the homeless, and immigrant families that may not be documented, and refugees with little resources and connections. The outcome of this is for their children to have successful lives in the future, that their families couldn’t have. Most of those who enroll in this center do not include English as their first language. 

Programs offered:

Their variety of programs includes the Home Visiting program where bilingual home visitors will come to help low income parents or families and help them maneuver high quality child care. This is especially crucial for immirgant families because they are new to America and they need services that will help them allocate certain resources needed for the child to become educationally successful. They also offer a variety of youth programs that help them get used to using their home language as well as English, be comfortable with kids of different cultural backgrounds, and overall take in consideration that just because they are different, they still belong here.

What they could do better:

They could as well, aim their focus onto teenagers, as their willpower is young children and families as a whole. Having specific programs that will specifically help teenagers would be great. 

Was information about the organization accessible? Red flags?

Information about the organization is accessible and there are no red flags. The website had all necessary information for an organization, such as their mission, contact information, a list of directors and board members, a list of programs offered, and a list of all locations, all of which are in the Seattle area. 

What other organizations are doing similar work?

The SafeFutures Youth Center does similar work, where they advocate for young people of color as well as the low income youth and emerge them into intelligent people that will become successful later in life. 


Image credit:

Enroll Today. The Denise Louie Education Center. 

Additional sources:

About Us. The Denise Louie Education Center. 

History. The Denise Louie Education Center. 

Seattle, WA: About. safefutures. (n.d.). 

Services. The Denise Louie Education Center. 


AFS Greater Puget Sound for Immigrant Students

Why is the group that you chose to research important?

The group I chose to research in depth on was immigrant students in the Puget Sound area. This group is important because in King County over 20% of the population is foreign-born. In King County there is a population of 2.253 million people living in this county. Which means over 450,000 people in King County are immigrants. The non-governmental organization I am researching is the AFS Global Educators program. AFS Greater Puget Sound is a regional volunteer organization supporting AFS USA’s intercultural learning programs for students and teachers. AFS is talked of as the second largest volunteer organization in the world with at least 50 countries participating in its programs. 

Brief history of the educational organization that you have researched along with the purpose of the organization?

The history of the AFS started in 1920 whenever they tried to reunite former members of the American Field Service. Then during World War 2, AFS got reactivated to be an ambulance corps shortly after the beginning of the war. In 1946, AFS made a secondary school for exchange students which was “intended to perpetuate international friendships in peacetime.” In 1960, the AFS Winter program allowed the students to visit the capitol of the United States of America. They also got to see and meet the president of the United States. During the 1970’s, a program named the AFS Multinational Program was created and allowed students to travel to other countries other than the U.S. In 201, AFS Intercultural Link Learning Program launched in 2011. The purpose of this multi-step training and assessment program is to enable volunteers and staff worldwide to better support AFS students, families, and schools in the learning process.

Whom do they serve?

The AFS serves those who are immigrants from countries outside of the US and just recently the AFS Global Educators program opened up in the Puget Sound creating an equal opportunity for those who are immigrants. 

Programs offered?

Some of the programs offered to Immigrant students include trips to countries to study abroad. Some of the countries include Argentina, Switzerland, and Kenya. These programs allow students to travel abroad and learn more about the country they’re going to. They also can choose the amount of time you’d like to spend there. From a whole year to maybe just a couple of weeks. 

AFS Group getting together to talk about their plans for the trip.

What could they do better?

Something the program could do better for the students is to make the programs a little bit more accessible and less expensive. The average cost of a trip for the quarter to visit the country and learning the backgrounds of said countries is a rough estimate of $12,000 to $14,000. 

Was information about the organization accessible? Red flags?

The information for the programs themselves were very accessible and made it easy to get a good understanding of what program offers what. For example, I can find a certain program that pertains to my needs and wants while also giving me the best option for the learning experience. There surprisingly were no red flags that I caught onto. Besides the pricing of some of the program trips. The pricing is definitely something that can turn many individuals away. There were also a ton of pictures and a ton of examples of what they have to offer the students and how it can help you.

What other organizations are doing similar work?

Some programs that are located in King County that offer a similar program with similar expenses and similar designs is the program Around-n-over. Around-n-over is located in Seattle Washington. Their objective is to show the students abroad how other countries function and also shows them the importance of studying abroad. This is very similar to the AFS program which allows students to study abroad and make a bunch of memories and shows them how other countries work.

“Picture of Foreign Exchange Student.” Https://×247.Jpeg&

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